Published 19 Sep, 2022

Java - Java access bean methods with LambdaMetafactory

Category Java
Modified : Oct 03, 2022
64

my question is strongly related to Explicit use of LambdaMetafactory in that thread, some very good examples are provided to use the LambdaMetafactory to access a static method of a class; however, I wonder what is the equivalent code to access a non static field of an existing bean instance. It seems really hard to find an example and every attempt I performed ended up in non working code.

This is the bean code:

class SimpleBean {
    private Object obj= "myCustomObject";
    private static Object STATIC_OBJECT = "myCustomStaticObject";
    public Object getObj() {
        return obj;
    }
    public void setObj(final Object obj) {
        this.obj = obj;
    }
    public static Object getStaticObj() {
        return STATIC_OBJECT;
    }
    public static void setStaticObj(final Object obj) {
        STATIC_OBJECT = obj;
    }
}

Here a working unit test that successfully access the static method "getStaticObj()":

    @Test
public void accessStaticMethod() throws Throwable
{
    MethodHandles.Lookup caller = MethodHandles.lookup();
    Method reflected = SimpleBean.class.getDeclaredMethod("getStaticObj");
    MethodHandle methodHandle = caller.unreflect(reflected);
    CallSite site = LambdaMetafactory.metafactory(caller,
            "get",
            MethodType.methodType(Supplier.class),
            MethodType.methodType(Object.class),
            methodHandle,
            MethodType.methodType(Object.class));
    MethodHandle factory = site.getTarget();
    Supplier r = (Supplier) factory.invoke();
    assertEquals( "myCustomStaticObject", r.get());
}

Now here my failing attempts to access the non static "getObj()" method:

    @Test
public void accessNonStaticMethodTestOne() throws Throwable
{
    SimpleBean simpleBeanInstance = new SimpleBean();

    MethodHandles.Lookup caller = MethodHandles.lookup();
    MethodHandle methodHandle = caller.bind(simpleBeanInstance, "getObj", MethodType.methodType(Object.class));
    assertEquals("myCustomObject", methodHandle.invoke());

    // This test fails here with exception:
    // java.lang.IllegalArgumentException: not a direct method handle
    CallSite site = LambdaMetafactory.metafactory(caller,
            "get",
            MethodType.methodType(Supplier.class),
            MethodType.methodType(Object.class),
            methodHandle,
            MethodType.methodType(Object.class));

    MethodHandle factory = site.getTarget();
    Supplier r = (Supplier) factory.invoke();
    assertEquals( "myCustomObject", r.get());

}

@Test
public void accessNonStaticMethodTwo() throws Throwable
{

    SimpleBean simpleBeanInstance = new SimpleBean();

    MethodHandles.Lookup caller = MethodHandles.lookup();

    Method reflected = SimpleBean.class.getDeclaredMethod("getObj");
    MethodHandle methodHandle = caller.unreflect(reflected);

    // This test fails here with exception:
    // java.lang.invoke.LambdaConversionException: Incorrect number of parameters
    CallSite site = LambdaMetafactory.metafactory(caller,
            "get",
            MethodType.methodType(Supplier.class),
            MethodType.methodType(Object.class),
            methodHandle,
            MethodType.methodType(Object.class));

    MethodHandle factory = site.getTarget();
    factory = factory.bindTo(simpleBeanInstance);
    Supplier r = (Supplier) factory.invoke();
    assertEquals( "myCustomObject", r.get());

}


@Test
public void accessNonStaticMethodThree() throws Throwable
{

    SimpleBean simpleBeanInstance = new SimpleBean();

    MethodHandles.Lookup caller = MethodHandles.lookup();

    Method reflected = SimpleBean.class.getDeclaredMethod("getObj");
    MethodHandle methodHandle = caller.unreflect(reflected);

    CallSite site = LambdaMetafactory.metafactory(caller,
            "get",
            MethodType.methodType(Supplier.class),
            MethodType.methodType(Object.class, SimpleBean.class),
            methodHandle,
            MethodType.methodType(Object.class, SimpleBean.class));

    MethodHandle factory = site.getTarget();

    //This test fails here with exception:
    // java.lang.IllegalArgumentException: no leading reference parameter: [email protected]
    factory = factory.bindTo(simpleBeanInstance);
    Supplier r = (Supplier) factory.invoke();
    assertEquals( "myCustomObject", r.get());

}

Every attempt has a different negative result, I really hope someone is abe to help me to have at least one test working fine.

Answers

There are 1 suggested solutions here and each one has been listed below with a detailed description. The following topics have been covered briefly such as Java, Lambda, Java 8. These have been categorized in sections for a clear and precise explanation.

51

If you want to bind values to your lamba, you have to include these parameters to the invokedtype signature:

SimpleBean simpleBeanInstance = new SimpleBean();

MethodHandles.Lookup caller = MethodHandles.lookup();
MethodType getter=MethodType.methodType(Object.class);
MethodHandle target=caller.findVirtual(SimpleBean.class, "getObj", getter);
CallSite site = LambdaMetafactory.metafactory(caller,
    "get", // include types of the values to bind:
    MethodType.methodType(Supplier.class, SimpleBean.class),
    getter, target, getter);

MethodHandle factory = site.getTarget();
factory = factory.bindTo(simpleBeanInstance);
Supplier r = (Supplier) factory.invoke();
assertEquals( "myCustomObject", r.get());

Instead of binding a value you may use a Function which takes the bean as argument:

SimpleBean simpleBeanInstance = new SimpleBean();

MethodHandles.Lookup caller = MethodHandles.lookup();
MethodType getter=MethodType.methodType(Object.class);
MethodHandle target=caller.findVirtual(SimpleBean.class, "getObj", getter);
MethodType func=target.type();
CallSite site = LambdaMetafactory.metafactory(caller,
    "apply",
    MethodType.methodType(Function.class),
    func.erase(), target, func);

MethodHandle factory = site.getTarget();
Function r = (Function)factory.invoke();
assertEquals( "myCustomObject", r.apply(simpleBeanInstance));